World Prison Brief

Institute for Criminal Policy Research

Brazil

CountryBrazil
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Justice
Prison administration
Departamento Penitenciario Nacional (DEPEN)
Contact address
Esplanada dos Ministérios, Ministério da Justiça, Bloco T. Anexo II, 6° andar, Brasilia
Telephone
+55 21 61 3429 3187
Fax
+55 21 61 3429 9347
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Renato Campos Pinto De Vitto
Director General (Diretor Geral)
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
622 202
at 31.12.2014 (national prison administration - 584,758 in sistema penitenciario, 37,444 in police facilities)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
307
based on an estimated national population of 202.85 million at end of 2014 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
36.3%
(of those in prison system, 31.12.2014)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
Circa
6.0%
(31.12.2014)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.0%
(31.12.2014 - under 18)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
0.4%
(of those in prison system, 31.12.2014)
Number of establishments / institutions
1 424
(June 2014)
Official capacity of prison system
371 884
(31.12.2014 - capacity of sistema penitenciario)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
157.2%
(31.12.2014 - occupancy level in sistema penitenciario)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 232,755 133
2002 239,345 133
2004 336,358 182
2006 401,236 212
2008 451,429 234
2010 496,251 253
2012 548,003 275
2015 622,202 307
2000 232,755 133
2002 239,345 133
2004 336,358 182
2006 401,236 212
2008 451,429 234
2010 496,251 253
2012 548,003 275
2015 622,202 307

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Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                   BRAZIL

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

80,775
102,116
164,683

34.7%
34.4%
36.9%

46
55
84

2014

212,224

36.3%

105

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                    BRAZIL

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

10,112
20,264
34,807

4.3%
5.6%
7.0%

5.8
10.8
17.8

2014

c. 37,150

c. 6%

c. 18.3

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate