World Prison Brief

Institute for Criminal Policy Research

Canada

CountryCanada
Ministry responsible
Ministry of the Solicitor General
Prison administration
Correctional Service of Canada (CSC), provincial and territorial correctional services
Contact address
340 Laurier Avenue West, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0PQ (CSC), provincial and territorial correctional services
Telephone
+1 613 9955364
Fax
+1 613 9470091
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Don Head
Commissioner of CSC
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
40 663
average for year to 31.3.2015 (Statistics Canada - comprising 39,623 adult prisoners and 1,040 persons under 18 in youth custody)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
114
based on an estimated national population of 35.62 million at 30.9.2014 (from Statistics Canada figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
34.9%
(average, year to 31.3.2015)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
10.6%
(average, year to 31.3.2012)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
2.6%
(average, year to 31.3.2015 - under 18)
Number of establishments / institutions
234
(2005 - number of adult institutions, of which 57 are federal and 177 are provincial / territorial prisons)
Official capacity of prison system
38 604
(average, year to 31.3.2009 in adult institutions, of which 14,761 in federal institutions and 23,843 in provincial / territorial institutions)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
96.4%
(average, year to 31.3.2009, in adult institutions - 90.4% in federal institutions and 100.1% in provincial / territorial institutions)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2001 35,533 115
2003 35,868 114
2005 34,365 107
2007 37,452 115
2009 39,051 117
2011 39,916 117
2013 41,026 118
2015 40,663 114
2001 35,533 115
2003 35,868 114
2005 34,365 107
2007 37,452 115
2009 39,051 117
2011 39,916 117
2013 41,026 118
2015 40,663 114

Pages

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                 CANADA

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000/01
2005/06
2010/11

8,747
11,819
13,990

24.6%
33.7%
35.0%

28
37
41

2014/15

14,211

34.9%

40

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Prison population total
Prison population rate