Ministry of the Solicitor General
Correctional Service of Canada (CSC), provincial and territorial correctional services
340 Laurier Avenue West, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0PQ (CSC), provincial and territorial correctional services
+1 613 9955364
+1 613 9470091
|Head of prison administration (and title)|| |
Commissioner of CSC
|Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)|| |
average for year to 31.3.2015 (Statistics Canada - comprising 39,623 adult prisoners and 1,040 persons under 18 in youth custody)
|Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)|| |
based on an estimated national population of 35.62 million at 30.9.2014 (from Statistics Canada figures)
|Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)|| |
(average, year to 31.3.2015)
|Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)|| |
(average, year to 31.3.2012)
|Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)|| |
(average, year to 31.3.2015 - under 18)
|Number of establishments / institutions|| |
(2005 - number of adult institutions, of which 57 are federal and 177 are provincial / territorial prisons)
|Official capacity of prison system|| |
(average, year to 31.3.2009 in adult institutions, of which 14,761 in federal institutions and 23,843 in provincial / territorial institutions)
|Occupancy level (based on official capacity)|| |
(average, year to 31.3.2009, in adult institutions - 90.4% in federal institutions and 100.1% in provincial / territorial institutions)
|Prison population trend(year, prison population total, prison population rate)||
Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend
The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.
It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.
The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population.
It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.
The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.
Prison population trend up to 2000
The figures below give an indication of the prison population trend in the years up to 2000. They supplement the more recent figures that are shown at the foot of the Overview page and in the graphs below.
Canadian figures from 1986-87 onwards are for the 12-month period from 1 April in one year to 31 March of the following year. The figures at the foot of the Overview page and in the graphs are for the 12 months ending on 31 March of the year indicated.
Prison population rate