World Prison Brief

Institute for Criminal Policy Research

Ecuador

CountryEcuador
Ministry responsible
Ministerio de Justicia, Derechos Humanos y Cultos
Prison administration
Direccion Nacional de Rehabilitacion Social
Contact address
12 de Octubre y Foch, Quito, Ecuador
Telephone
+593 2 2568-987 or 2503-427
Fax
+593 2 1553-295
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Gustavo Peñafiel
Director Nacional
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
25 902
at 14.9.2014 (national prison administration - not including 541 held in institutions for adolescents)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
162
based on an estimated national population of 16.03 million at September 2014 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
48.8%
(14.9.2014)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
7.7%
(14.9.2014)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
3.1%
(December 2012 - juveniles)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
8.1%
(14.9.2014)
Number of establishments / institutions
52
(2014 - not including 11 institutions for adolescents)
Official capacity of prison system
22 635
(14.9.2014)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
114.4%
(14.9.2014)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 8,029 64
2002 8,723 67
2004 11,358 84
2006 12,635 90
2008 12,067 83
2010 11,800 79
2012 21,080 135
2014 25,902 162
2000 8,029 64
2002 8,723 67
2004 11,358 84
2006 12,635 90
2008 12,067 83
2010 11,800 79
2012 21,080 135
2014 25,902 162

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                  ECUADOR

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2001
2005
2009

5,451
7,713
7,107

70.4%
63.0%
46.0%

42
56
48

2014

12,635

48.8%

79

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                 ECUADOR

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2002
2005
2009

682
1,307
1,230

8.8%
10.7%
8.0%

5.2
9.4
8.3

2014

1,999

7.7%

12.5

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate