World Prison Brief

Institute for Criminal Policy Research

France

CountryFrance
Ministry responsible
Ministère de la Justice et des Libertés
Prison administration
Direction de l'Administration Pénitentiaire
Contact address
DAP/SCERI 13 Place Vendome, 75042 Paris, France
Telephone
+33 1 49 96 28 15
Fax
+33 1 49 96 28 80
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Philippe Galli
Directeur de l'Administration Pénitentiaire
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
68 514
at 1.10.2016 (national prison administration - including French overseas departments and territories; excluding 10,468 persons not detained in penal institutions (écrouées non détenues).)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
101
based on an estimated national population of 67.6 million at October 2016 (from estimates by INSEE - French national statistics institute)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
28.6%
(1.10.2016)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
3.3%
(1.10.2016)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
1.1%
(1.10.2016 - under 18)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
21.7%
(1.4.2014)
Number of establishments / institutions
188
(2015)
Official capacity of prison system
58 476
(1.10.2016)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
117.2%
(1.10.2016)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 48,049 82
2002 45,319 76
2004 55,355 91
2006 55,633 91
2008 59,468 96
2011 62,467 99
2014 72,796 114
2015 68,514 101
2000 48,049 82
2002 45,319 76
2004 55,355 91
2006 55,633 91
2008 59,468 96
2011 62,467 99
2014 72,796 114
2015 68,514 101

Pages

Pages

PDF

A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management: Handbook for Prison Staff. First edition. French version.

Core Publications
A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management: Handbook for Prison Staff
02/07/2002
Author: 
Andrew Coyle
Countries: 

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                  FRANCE
                  (including French overseas departments and territories)

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

16,562
20,228
15,226

33.9%
35.7%
25.0%

27
32
23

2016

19,615

28.6%

29

Note: The percentages in the table above do not include ecrouees non detenues – those not located in a penal institution (e.g. because they are serving their sentences under electronic surveillance). 

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.                                                      

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                       FRANCE 
                 (including French overseas departments and territories)

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

1,828
2,077
2,006

3.7%
3.7%
3.3%

3.0
3.3
3.1

2016

2,290

3.3%

3.4

Note: The percentages in the table above do not include ecrouees non detenues – those not located in a penal institution (e.g. because they are serving their sentences under electronic surveillance). 

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.  

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate