World Prison Brief

Institute for Criminal Policy Research

Indonesia

CountryIndonesia
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Justice and Human Rights
Prison administration
Directorate General of Corrections
Contact address
Jalan Veteran No.11, Jakarta Pusat, Indonesia
Telephone
+62 21 385 7611
Fax
+62 21 345 2155 or 21 231 2140
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
I Wayan K. Dusak
Director General of Corrections
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
197 630
at 30.11.2016 (national prison administration)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
76
based on an estimated national population of 259.74 million at end of November 2016 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
32.2%
(30.11.2016)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
5.5%
(early 2016)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
3.2%
(August 2014 - juveniles)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
0.6%
(early 2016)
Number of establishments / institutions
464
(November 2016)
Official capacity of prison system
115 834
(30.11.2016)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
170.6%
(30.11.2016)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 53,399 26
2002 67,960 31
2004 87,185 39
2006 116,688 51
2008 137,144 59
2010 117,863 49
2012 150,688 61
2014 163,414 64
2016 197,630 76
2000 53,399 26
2002 67,960 31
2004 87,185 39
2006 116,688 51
2008 137,144 59
2010 117,863 49
2012 150,688 61
2014 163,414 64
2016 197,630 76

Pages

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                  INDONESIA

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

20,980
41,863
47,048

39.3%
41.9%
39.9%

10
18
20

2016

63,691

32.2%

25

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                  INDONESIA

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

1,807
4,656
6,876

3.4%
4.7%
5.8%

0.9
2.1
2.9

2016

9,844

5.5%

3.8

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate