World Prison Brief

Institute for Criminal Policy Research

Kazakhstan

CountryKazakhstan
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Internal Affairs
Prison administration
Committee of the Criminal-Executive System (KUIS)
Contact address
Mailin street 2, Astana city B, 010000, Kazakhstan
Telephone
+7 3172 723000
+7 3172 723001
Fax
+7 3172 714505 or 351960
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Bayurzhan Maratovich Berdalin
Chairperson of the Criminal-Executive System
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
39 179
at 1.1.2016 (national prison administration, via Penal Reform International)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
221
based on an estimated national population of 17.74 million at beginning of 2016 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
14.5%
(1.1.2016)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
7.7%
(1.1.2016)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.3%
(1.1.2015 - under 18)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
4.5%
(1.1.2016)
Number of establishments / institutions
93
(2016)
Official capacity of prison system
72 360
(1.1.2014)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
68.9%
(1.1.2014)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 78,029 520
2002 84,812 566
2004 57,802 380
2006 52,713 339
2008 56,012 354
2010 63,643 393
2012 52,338 314
2014 49,821 289
2015 39,179 221
2000 78,029 520
2002 84,812 566
2004 57,802 380
2006 52,713 339
2008 56,012 354
2010 63,643 393
2012 52,338 314
2014 49,821 289
2015 39,179 221

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Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                    KAZAKHSTAN

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

16,498
8,324
7,903

21.1%
15.8%
12.5%

113
55
50

2016

5,680

14.5%

32

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                    KAZAKHSTAN

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2005
2008
2011

2,899
3,646
4,222

5.5%
6.6%
7.6%

19.3
23.6
26.3

2016

3,006

7.7%

16.9

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate