World Prison Brief

Institute for Criminal Policy Research

Mexico

CountryMexico
Ministry responsible
Comision Nacional de Seguridad
Prison administration
Organo Administrativo Desconcentrado de Prevencion y Readaptacion Social
Contact address
Av.Melchor Ocampo No. 171, colonia Tlaxpana, Delegación Miguel Hidalgo C.P. 011370, México
Fax
+52 55 5128 4100
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Eduardo Guerrero Durán
Comisionado del Organo Administrativo Desconcentrado de Prevencion y Readaptacion Social
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
233 469
at 31.7.2016 (national prison administration)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
192
based on an estimated national population of 121.9 million at end of July 2016 (from Census figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
39.6%
(31.7.2016)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
5.2%
(31.7.2016)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
14.0%
(July 2010 - juveniles)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
0.9%
(2008)
Number of establishments / institutions
379
(July 2016)
Official capacity of prison system
209 248
(31.7.2016)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
111.6%
(31.7.2016)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 154,765 156
2002 172,888 169
2004 193,889 186
2006 210,140 197
2008 219,754 202
2010 219,027 194
2012 239,089 206
2014 255,638 214
2015 233,469 192
2000 154,765 156
2002 172,888 169
2004 193,889 186
2006 210,140 197
2008 219,754 202
2010 219,027 194
2012 239,089 206
2014 255,638 214
2015 233,469 192

Pages

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                  MEXICO

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

63,724
87,844
91,297

41.2%
42.7%
41.7%

64
83
81

2016

92,369

39.6%

76

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                  MEXICO

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2001
2005
2010

7,207
10,485
9,839

4.3%
5.0%
4.5%

7.1
9.9
8.7

2016

12,132

5.2%

10.0

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate