Panama

CountryPanama
Ministry responsible
Ministerio de Gobierno
Prison administration
Direccion General del Sistema Penitenciario
Contact address
Edificios 37 and 38 Balboa, Apartado 1628, Zona 1, Panama
Telephone
+507 512 7200 or 7201
Fax
+507 512 7233
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Gabriel Pinzon
Director General
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
17 165
at November 2016 (national prison administration, via U.S. State Department human rights report)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
421
based on an estimated national population of 4.08 million at November 2016 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
62.6%
(15.12.2014)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
6.6%
(15.12.2014)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.0%
(December 2012 - under 18)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
10.1%
(2014)
Number of establishments / institutions
24
(2016)
Official capacity of prison system
14 174
(November 2016)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
121.1%
(November 2016)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 8,652 280
2002 10,423 325
2004 11,400 342
2006 11,575 335
2008 9,651 270
2010 12,293 333
2012 14,468 378
2014 15,208 386
2000 8,652 280
2002 10,423 325
2004 11,400 342
2006 11,575 335
2008 9,651 270
2010 12,293 333
2012 14,468 378
2014 15,208 386

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                  PANAMA

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

5,237
7,270
7,092

63.2%
62.8%
60.8%

169
214
193

2014

9,823

62.6%

248

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                    PANAMA

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2001
2005
2010

721
761
865

7.5%
6.6%
7.1%

22.9
22.4
23.3

2014

1,032

6.6%

26.1

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate