Russian Federation

CountryRussian Federation
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Justice
Prison administration
Federal Service for the Implementation of Punishment
Contact address
Zhitnaya street 14, GSP-1, 119991 Moscow, Russian Federation
Telephone
+7 095 982 1900
Fax
+7 095 982 1930
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Gennadiy Kornienko
Head
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
677 287
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
472
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
17.5%
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
8.1%
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.3%
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
4.6%
Number of establishments / institutions
996
Official capacity of prison system
723 695
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
94.2%
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 1,060,404 729
2002 980,151 675
2004 847,004 588
2006 823,403 577
2008 883,436 622
2010 864,197 609
2012 755,651 528
2013 681,600 475
2000 1,060,404 729
2002 980,151 675
2004 847,004 588
2006 823,403 577
2008 883,436 622
2010 864,197 609
2012 755,651 528
2013 681,600 475

Pages

PDF

A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management: Handbook for Prison Staff. First edition. Russian version.

Core Publications
A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management: Handbook for Prison Staff
02/07/2002
Author: 
Andrew Coyle
Countries: 

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                 RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

232,864
161,810
119,010

25.2%
19.7%
14.5%

160
113
83

2015

117,400

17.5%

82

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.                                                      

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                              RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2002
2006
2010

53,683
58,400
67,900

5.8%
6.7%
8.1%

37.0
41.0
47.6

2015

54,700

8.1%

38.0

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.  

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate