Russian Federation

CountryRussian Federation
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Justice
Prison administration
Federal Service for the Implementation of Punishment
Contact address
Zhitnaya street 14, GSP-1, 119991 Moscow, Russian Federation
Telephone
+7 095 982 1900
Fax
+7 095 982 1930
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Gennadiy Kornienko
Head
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
672 100
at 1.11.2014 (national prison administration)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
467
based on an estimated national population of 143.8 million at beginning of November 2014 (from Russian State Statistics Committee figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
17.2%
(1.11.2014 - prisoners held in pre-trial SIZO institutions or facilities functioning as SIZOs)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
8.1%
(1.11.2014)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.3%
(of convicted prisoners, 1.1.2014 - under 18)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
4.2%
(31.12.2009)
Number of establishments / institutions
996
(2014 - 219 pre-trial SIZO institutions, 728 corrective colonies, 8 prisons, 41 juvenile colonies)
Official capacity of prison system
903 493
(1.1.2012)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
83.6%
(1.1.2012)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
1992 722,636 487
1995 920,685 622
1998 1,009,863 688
2001 925,072 636
2004 847,004 588
2007 871,609 613
2010 864,197 609
1992 722,636 487
1995 920,685 622
1998 1,009,863 688
2001 925,072 636
2004 847,004 588
2007 871,609 613
2010 864,197 609

Pages

PDF

A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management: Handbook for Prison Staff. First edition. Russian version.

Core Publications
A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management: Handbook for Prison Staff
02/07/2002
Author: 
Andrew Coyle
Countries: 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                              RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2002

2006

2010

53,683

58,400

67,900

5.8%

6.7%

8.1%

37.0

41.0

47.6

2014

54,700

8.1%

38.0

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.  

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                 RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000

2005

2010

232,864

161,810

119,010

25.2%

19.7%

14.5%

160

113

83

2014

115,700

17.2%

80

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.                                                      

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Prison population total
Prison population rate