Ministry of Justice
Federal Service for the Implementation of Punishment
Zhitnaya street 14, GSP-1, 119991 Moscow, Russian Federation
+7 095 982 1900
+7 095 982 1930
|Head of prison administration (and title)|| |
|Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)|| |
at 1.1.2014 (national prison administration)
|Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)|| |
based on an estimated national population of 143.5 million at beginning of 2014 (from Russian State Statistics Committee figures)
|Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)|| |
(1.1.2014 - prisoners held in pre-trial SIZO institutions)
|Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)|| |
|Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)|| |
(1.1.2010 - under 18)
|Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)|| |
|Number of establishments / institutions|| |
(2014 - 730 corrective colonies, 230 pre-trial SIZO institutions, 8 prisons, 45 juvenile colonies)
|Official capacity of prison system|| |
|Occupancy level (based on official capacity)|| |
|Recent prison population trend(year, prison population total, prison population rate)||
Pre-trial detainees/remand prisoners
The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.
It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.
The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population.
It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.
The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.
The information/assessments that follow are not those of ICPS. The source is indicated below each entry. Please use the link provided to access the original document.
Conditions in prisons and detention centers varied but were sometimes harsh and life-threatening. Limited access to health care, food shortages, abuse by guards and inmates, inadequate sanitation, and overcrowding were common in prisons, colonies, and other detention facilities.
Health, nutrition, ventilation, and sanitation standards were generally poor but varied among facilities. Access to potable water, which sometimes was rationed, also varied. The federal minimum standard of space per person in detention is 43 square feet, which was generally observed.
On January 10, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a pilot judgment in the case of Ananyev and Others v. Russia, finding the government in violation of the provision of the European Convention on Human Rights prohibiting inhuman and degrading treatment. The ECHR noted that problems in the pretrial detention system were systemic and urged the government to improve conditions of detention by shielding toilets in cells, removing netting from cell windows, and increasing the frequency of showers. The ECHR also called on the government to change the applicable legal framework, as well as practices and attitudes; ensure that pretrial detention is only used when necessary; establish maximum capacity for each remand prison; and ensure that victims have the ability to lodge complaints effectively about inadequate detention conditions and that they obtain appropriate compensation.
US State Department Human Rights Country Report 2012