Spain

CountrySpain
Ministry responsible
Ministry of the Interior (in Catalonia: Department of Justice)
Prison administration
General Directorate of Prison Administration (in Catalonia: General Directorate of Prison Regime and Resources)
Contact address
Calle Alcala 38-40, E-28014 Madrid (Catalonia: Carrer Arago 332, 08009 Barcelona)
Telephone
+34 91 335 48 81 (Catalonia: +34 93 214 01 00)
Fax
+34 91 335 40 64 (Catalonia: +34 93 214 01 79)
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Angel Yuste Castillejo (in Catalonia: Ramon Pares Galles)
Director General (in Catalonia: Director General)
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
66 083
at 29.8.2014 (national prison administration - including 9,539 in Catalonia)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
143
based on an estimated national population of 46.33 million at end of August 2014 (from Instituto Nacional de Estadistica figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
13.0%
(29.8.2014)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
7.6%
(29.8.2014)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.0%
(August 2014 - under 18; 1.0% under 21)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
30.5%
(August 2014)
Number of establishments / institutions
82
(2010)
Official capacity of prison system
77 895
(1.1.2014 - 66,864 in State Administration, 11,031 in Catalonia)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
85.7%
(1.1.2014 - 85.2% in State Administration, 89.0% in Catalonia)
Recent prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
1992 40,950 105
1995 45,198 115
1998 44,747 113
2001 46,594 114
2004 58,655 137
2007 65,812 147
2010 76,701 166
1992 40,950 105
1995 45,198 115
1998 44,747 113
2001 46,594 114
2004 58,655 137
2007 65,812 147
2010 76,701 166

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                      SPAIN

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000

2005

2010

3,668

4,744

6,009

8.1%

7.7%

7.9%

9.1

10.9

13.0

2014

5,004

7.6%

10.8

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.  

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                      SPAIN

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000

2005

2010

9,084

13,988

14,980

20.2%

22.8%

19.7%

23

32

32

2014

8,598

13.0%

19

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.                                                      

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

 

The information/assessments that follow are not those of ICPS. The source is indicated below each entry. Please use the link provided to access the original document. 

Prison conditions

Prison conditions

Prison and detention center conditions generally met international standards, and the government permitted visits by international monitors.

The 2011 report by the Coordinator for the Prevention of Torture indicated that in 2010 a total of 13 persons died in police custody, 34 died in jail, and four minors died while in youth detention centers. There were 64 complaints against security forces and jail functionaries for abuse of authority, 72 fewer than in 2009. Prisoners had access to potable water, adequate heating, ventilation, and lighting.

Recordkeeping on prisoners was accurate. In many cases authorities offered alternative sentencing for nonviolent offenders, including expulsion from Spain instead of jail time to nonviolent offenders from other countries. Prisoners and detainees had reasonable access to visitors and were permitted religious observance. Authorities permitted prisoners and detainees to submit complaints to judicial authorities without censorship. Authorities investigated credible allegations of inhumane conditions and documented the results of such investigations in a publicly accessible manner. The government generally investigated and monitored prison and detention center conditions.

Read more

US State Department Human Rights Country Report 2012

http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/humanrightsreport/index.htm?year=2012&dlid=204341

Pages

PDF

A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management: Handbook for Prison Staff. Second Edition. Spanish Version.

Core Publications
A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management: Handbook for Prison Staff
30/10/2009
Author: 
Andrew Coyle
Countries: 
DOC

¿Los presos como enemigos o como ciudadanos? - la responsabilidad del Estado

Speech
30/08/2003
Author: 
Vivien Stern
Countries: 
PDF

A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management: Handbook for Prison Staff. First edition. Spanish version

Core Publications
A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management: Handbook for Prison Staff
02/07/2002
Author: 
Andrew Coyle
Countries: 
Prison population total
Prison population rate