Zimbabwe

CountryZimbabwe
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs
Prison administration
Zimbabwe Prison and Correctional Services
Contact address
Private Bag 7718, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe
Telephone
+263 4 706501/4 or 777384/5 or 710095/7 or 754197
Fax
+263 4 754157
Website
Email
zps@gta.gov.zw
Head of prison administration (and title)
Paradzayi Willings Zimondi
Commissioner
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
18 857
at 9.1.2015 (national prison administration)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
145
based on an estimated national population of 13.01 million at January 2015 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
17.1%
(9.1.2015)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
1.8%
(July 2014)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.5%
(28.5.2014 - under 18)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
Circa
2.0%
(September 2014)
Number of establishments / institutions
46
(2015 - 46 main prisons)
Official capacity of prison system
17 000
(9.1.2015)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
110.9%
(9.1.2015)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 20,567 164
2002 c 21,000 c 167
2004 19,608 156
2006 18,081 145
2008 14,029 113
2010 13,361 107
2012 c 16,900 c 132
2014 17,484 135
2015 18,857 145
2000 20,567 164
2002 c 21,000 c 167
2004 19,608 156
2006 18,081 145
2008 14,029 113
2010 13,361 107
2012 c 16,900 c 132
2014 17,484 135
2015 18,857 145

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Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                 ZIMBABWE

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

5,747
5,357
3,689

27.9%
29.7%
27.6%

46
43
29

2015

3,224

17.1%

25

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                 ZIMBABWE

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2001
2005
2011

671
602
340

3.5%
3.3%
c. 2.4%

5.3
4.8
2.7

2014

324

1.9%

2.5

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate