Ministry responsible
Ministère de la Justice et des Droits Humains, Garde des Sceaux
Prison administration
Administration Pénitentiaire
Contact address
BP 2110, Libreville, Gabon
+241 73 19 63
+241 73 53 19
Head of prison administration (and title)
Leopold Adze
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
4 476
at April 2018 (Gabon Review)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
based on an estimated national population of 1.86 million at April 2018 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
(April 2018)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
(April 2018)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
(16.1.2014 - minors; from figures for Libreville central prison only)
Number of establishments / institutions
(2015 - in addition to the nine prisons there are some jails and detention centres)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
(Libreville's central prison held an estimated 1,753 prisoners at 16.1.2014 despite being built for only 300 - African Commission for Human Rights. No official figures have been traced for the country as a whole but according to the U.S. State Department human rights report for 2016 the physical conditions in the prisons and detention centres include ‘gross overcrowding’.)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2006 c 2,750 c 195
2013 c 3,500 c 210
2015 3,373 191
2017 3,364 182
2006 c 2,750 c 195
2013 c 3,500 c 210
2015 3,373 191
2017 3,364 182

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 



Number in

of total
prison population

population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)


c. 1,100

c. 40%

c. 78





It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

Prison population total
Prison population rate