In 1997 a Social Exclusion Unit was set up within the Cabinet Office of the United Kingdom Government. The name of the unit was somewhat misleading since what its work actually focussed on social inclusion and how to achieve it for all citizens.
One of its projects was into how to improve the prospects for former prisoners to settle back into their communities as law abiding citizens. The Unit commissioned ICPS to carry out an examination of how other countries dealt with this difficult issue. The Centre’s work contributed to the report Reducing Re-offending by Ex-prisoners which the Unit published in 2002.