Nigeria

CountryNigeria
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Internal Affairs
Prison administration
Nigerian Prisons Service
Contact address
National Prisons Headquarters, PMB16, Old Federal Secretariat Block 6, Area 1, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria
Telephone
+234 9 234 1709
Fax
+234 9 234 4634
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Alhaji Aminu Suleh
Acting Controller General of Prisons
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
55 935
at 30.4.2014 (national prison administration)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
32
based on an estimated national population of 173.5 million at end of April 2014 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
68.4%
(30.4.2014)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
1.9%
(30.4.2014)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
1.0%
(31.3.2012 - juveniles)
Number of establishments / institutions
239
(2014)
Official capacity of prison system
49 505
(30.4.2014)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
113.0%
(30.4.2014)
Recent prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
1992 47,508 46
1996 52,000 46
1999 44,797 37
2002 40,048 31
2005 39,006 28
2008 40,240 27
2011 50,692 31
1992 47,508 46
1996 52,000 46
1999 44,797 37
2002 40,048 31
2005 39,006 28
2008 40,240 27
2011 50,692 31

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                   NIGERIA

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000

2005

2011

709

722

908

1.9%

1.9%

1.9%

0.6

0.5

0.6

2014

1,070

1.9%

0.6

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                 NIGERIA

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000

2005

2010

27,959

28,363

35,000

62.9%

74.0%

72.9%

22

20

22

2014

38,279

68.4%

22

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

 

The information/assessments that follow are not those of ICPS. The source is indicated below each entry. Please use the link provided to access the original document. 

Use of pretrial detention

Use of pretrial detention

Lengthy pretrial detention remained a serious problem, with some people awaiting trial more than 10 years. The shortage of trial judges, serious trial backlogs, endemic corruption, and undue political influence continued to hamper the judicial system. Multiple adjournments in some cases resulted in serious delays. Many detainees did not have trials because police had insufficient vehicles to transport them to court on their trial dates.

The NHRC reported some detainees were held because authorities had lost their case files. Some state governments released inmates who were already detained for longer than the potential maximum sentences they would have received if found guilty. Although detainees have the right to submit complaints to the NHRC, the commission had yet to act directly on any specific complaint. In December the NHRC established a committee to examine arbitrary and ad hoc detention. Detainees could try to complain to the courts but often found this approach impossible since even detainees with legal representation often waited years to gain access to the courts.

From US State Department Human Rights Country Report 2013

http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2013/af/220146.htm 

Pages

Prison population total
Prison population rate