United States of America

CountryUnited States of America
Ministry responsible
Department of Justice
Prison administration
Federal Bureau of Prisons, state and local correctional authorities
Contact address
320 First Street N.W, Washington DC 20534
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Charles E. Samuels Jr.
Director of Federal Bureau of Prisons
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
2 217 000
at 2013 (U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, some data via United Nations survey of crime trends etc - 731,200 in local jails at 30.6.2013, 1,485,800 in state or federal prisons at 31.12.2013)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
698
based on an estimated national population of 317.8 million at end of 2013 (U.S. Census Bureau)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
20.4%
(2013)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
9.3%
(2013)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.3%
(2013 - juveniles)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
5.5%
(2013)
Number of establishments / institutions
4 575
(3,283 local jails at 2006, 1,190 state confinement facilities at 2005, 102 federal confinement facilities at 2005)
Official capacity of prison system
2 157 769
(2013)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
102.7%
(2013)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 1,937,482 683
2002 2,033,022 703
2004 2,135,335 725
2006 2,258,792 752
2008 2,307,504 755
2010 2,270,142 731
2012 2,228,424 707
2000 1,937,482 683
2002 2,033,022 703
2004 2,135,335 725
2006 2,258,792 752
2008 2,307,504 755
2010 2,270,142 731
2012 2,228,424 707

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Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                 UNITED STATES

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

347,800
463,500
487,100

18.0%
21.2%
21.5%

123
156
157

2013

453,200

20.4%

143

   Note. Figures for 2010 include pre-trial/remand prisoners in state and federal institutions (c. 30,000).

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                 UNITED STATES

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2001
2005
2010

158,629
195,140
197,100

8.2%
8.9%
8.7%

55.6
66.0
63.5

2013

205,400

9.3%

64.6

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate